The Different Types of Reading – Reinforcing Literacy in the Classroom
Reading develops at different stages and students read in different ways. There will be times when students need to look for particular information and other times where they are reading thoroughly in order to gain a deeper understanding of a whole text. Students can learn to use the following terms in order to gain an understanding of what is expected of them during a lesson:
This technique involves moving your eyes quickly over a text to find something or to see whether it contains anything you want to read. When using this technique, you might be looking for a particular word or phrase in a bigger body of text. In a History lesson for example, you might be looking for how many soldiers died during World War I. In this case, you would be reading in the hope of finding particular words or phrases.
Skimming involves looking quickly through the whole book, passage or text to get a general sense of what it is about. You read as little as you can while still picking up some idea of what is being discussed. Refer to the subheadings and a couple of sentences from each paragraph (the first and last sentence). The main aim of this reading technique is to ascertain the main ideas.
This kind of reading is what we would typically associate with reading for pleasure or understanding. In-depth reading is where we read every word thoroughly in order to gain a deep understanding of a text.
Like in-depth reading, critical reading involves gaining a complete understanding of what has been written. It differs from in-depth reading in the sense that the reader evaluates the arguments put forward and assesses the argument or viewpoint in a text.
This technique involves careful, slow reading, making sure that you understand every word, as you would if you were signing a contract, for example. Read intensively to proof read your own and others’ written work for errors.